This commentary is based on my notes after reading The New International Commentary on the Old Testament: Song of Songs, by Tremper Longman III, 2001
Poem 18 (Ch 7) (Renewed Love)
v 12 Come, my love
Let’s go out to the field,
Let’s spend the night in the villages.
Notice that the woman does more of the inviting in these poems than the man, while the man does the majority of the complimenting.
Here the woman wishes to get away from their daily life and spend some time alone with him.
v 13 Let’s go early to the vineyards;
Let’s see if the vine has budded,
The bud has opened,
The pomegranates have blossomed
There I will give my love to you!
Vineyards are often a euphemism for female sexuality, and pomegranates represent fertility. This section seems to indicate that there was a time she was not feeling very sexual, perhaps after childbirth, but the sexual feeling are returning and some ‘alone time’ would be appreciated.
v 14 The mandrakes give off their scent,
Mandrakes are known at this time to increase fertility (remember Rachel and Leah who both suffered from infertility at times were fighting over mandrakes).
And our entrance is a very precious gift,
This is the entrance to their home. It may be a euphemism, but more likely it symbolizes their life together.
The new and well as the old I have treasured up for you my love.
This is a mature relationship. They still enjoy the things they did in the beginning, but they have expanded their repertoire and, in the context of getting away, she is promising him a wide variety of sensual enjoyment.